Norm, Analogy and Variation: Empirical Perspectives on the Irregular Forms of the Superlative in Spanish

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.55245/energeia.2022.004

Abstract

In this paper we address one of the central themes of Eugenio Coseriu's work: the concept and importance of both prescriptive and descriptive norms. Taking as a starting point the irregular forms of the superlative in Spanish, we discuss five adjectives (negro, pobre, libre, célebre and fértil) within the area of tension between norm, variation and analogy and present the results of an empirical acceptability study with Spanish students. The results of the survey show that, at least in the case of the adjectives pobre, libre and célebre, the learned forms of the superlative in -érrimo cannot yet be assumed to have completely disappeared and been replaced by the analogous forms in -ísimo.  However, it is indisputable that a linguistic change can be observed, in which the descriptive norm seems to prevail.

References

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Published

2022-10-15

How to Cite

Goldschmitt, S., & Hesselbach, R. (2022). Norm, Analogy and Variation: Empirical Perspectives on the Irregular Forms of the Superlative in Spanish. ENERGEIA. ONLINE JOURNAL FOR LINGUISTICS, LANGUAGE PHILOSOPHY AND HISTORY OF LINGUISTICS, 118–136. https://doi.org/10.55245/energeia.2022.004

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Articles